Functional Grammar Part — 1 ( The sentences and exercises )

The sentence :

Read the following groups of words:

Birds fly in the air.

The sun sets in the east.

January is the coldest month of the year.

Each of the groups of words make complete sense.

Kinds of sentences:

a ) Assertive ( declarative )

Some people hunt wild animals.

A bear will never touch a dead body.

All that glitters is not gold.

b ) Interrogative sentence :

Why did you not come to school yesterday?

What color is your hair ?

c ) imperative sentences:

Close the door. ( Command )

May God bless you. ( Wish )

Help me, O Lord ( Entreaty )

d ) exclamatory sentence:

How hot the day is !

What a wonderful day !


A ) Every sentence begins with a capital letter.

B ) Every assertive and imperative sentence ends with a full stop.

C ) Every interrogative sentence ends with a Question Mark. ( ? )

D ) Every exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark. ( ! )

Exercise: State whether the following sentences are Assertive, Interrogative, Imperative or Exclamatory .

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The creative teacher